Junior Teachers Disadvantaged by MHRD Notification

The sense of betrayal among young teachers, due to the attitude of the MHRD, UGC and the DUTA/FEDCUTA Leadership is almost complete, it is necessary to take a closer look at certain figures understand the betrayal. The Figure1 shows a comparison of career gross pay for teachers in various stages of their career according to (a) the UGC Pay Review Committee (Chaddha Committee); (b) the MHRD notification; and (c) after a proportionate fixation of minimum Pay-in-Pay Band. Though (a) is part of an official document and (b) is an official notification.


At the initial stages of the Pay Review process, a few of the principal demands of the college teachers were:

  1. A higher initial pay, i.e. higher in comparison to Grade ‘A’ Officers, as teaching is a late entry profession. Also, the fact that the IAS offers numerous perks and fast track increments, means that teaching remains an extremely unattractive profession in comparison.

  2. Prevention of stagnation in the final years of service. This should be done through an assured third promotion to Professorship.

  3. Academic Allowance.

These demands also formed the bulwark of the DUTA/FEDCUTA Charter to the UGC Pay Review Committee.

The report of the UGC Pay Review (3.10.2008) tried to address some of this issues by offering:

  1. A higher initial pay through a Grade Pay of 6600 in PB3. (Grade ‘A’ beginning at GP 5400 in PB3)

  2. Two Advance Increments for NET.

  3. Third promotion in colleges in the form of Senior Associate Professor with GP 8700 in PB4 for all with Ph.D. (even without Ph.D. all teachers would reach PB-4 in normal course latest after 17 years).

  4. Academic Allowance of Rs. 1500 per month for Assistant Professors and Rs. 1200 for Associate Professors.

The UGC PRC also recommended in its report several other proposals which would grant greater respectability to the teaching profession:

  1. Return to the Old Pension Scheme

  2. Research Grants of Rs. 2-5 lakhs.

  3. Better Medical Insurance.

However, the Report of the UGC PRC had certain glaring drawbacks:

  1. Proposal to introduce a system of students’ evaluation of teachers’ performance

  2. Distinction between college and university teachers in terms of promotion to Professorship

  3. Though it provided an almost uniform rise in salary throughout a teachers career (Fig.1), the percentage increase in salary from the existing scales (Fig.2) was lesser in comparison to the new entrants.

  4. Though IAS officers were to enter into PB4 after 13 years of service, a college teacher (without M.Phil/Ph.D.) would do so after 17 years. (N.B.: The propaganda that it was only the MHRD Notification which granted PB4 to college teachers is a monumental lie!)

In sum, therefore, though the UGC PRC’s proposals were attractive to those in the early stages of their career and those yet to enter the profession, they were lesser attractive for those who were in the middle or mature years of their career. For the electoral interests of the DUTA Leadership this was suicidal, for it could not hope to win elections with votes from would-be-teachers. Also, the DUTA Leadership themselves being Associate Professors were not to enthused by the efforts to attract talent to teaching.

The UGC PRC was opposed for its “negative features” by all teachers. Everyone participated in the agitation for parity with the IAS in reaching PB4. After almost three months the MHRD notification was issued on the eve of the elections to the Academic and Executive Councils. Without any delay the

DUTA Leadership went on an overdrive to celebrate the ‘historic’ achievements. They celebrated the entry into PB4 for teachers after 12/13/14 years of service, i.e. a reduction of three years from the UGC PRC Report.

But the celebration glossed over:

  1. the reduced Minimum Pay-in-Pay Band for Assistant Professors due to arbitrary fixation of Academic Grade Pay (AGP)

  2. the pushing back of promotion to Associate Professorship by 3 years, from 9/10/11 years to 12/13/14 years.

  3. No increments for NET.

  4. No Academic Allowance

  5. No Research Grant

  6. Continuance of New Pension Scheme

  7. a chimera of “Professorship” in colleges where a quota system would be followed.

The resulting document shows that the table were now turned overwhelmingly against Assistant Professors who were saddled with a far lesser percentage hike in their salaries in comparison to Associate Professors (Fig.2). Also, we can see a stark difference in scales at the 12th/13th/14th year of service. It seems after that stage teachers enter a different profession altogether!


In effect the MHRD Proposals lead to a reduction in salary of over Rs. 40 lakhs against what was proposed by the UGC-PRC. (See Loss Calculator and Mathematics of Betrayal)

A few illustrations:

Old Scales


MHRD Notification

Gross Pay After 8 years




Basic Pay After 15 years




Basic Pay After 24 years




A comparison of Basic Pay in various stages of career over the last several Pay Reviews shows how skewed the current proposals are:


4th Pay Review

5th Pay Review

6th Pay Review (MHRD Notification)

Lecturer/ Assistant Professor




Lecturer (Senior)/ Assistant Professor




Lecturer Selection Grade/ Associate Professor (after 12/13/14 years)




So much for getting PB4 after 12/13/14 years of service instead of 15/16/17 years. Many younger teachers may never see that date as by the time we reach there it would be time for the 7th Pay Commission.

How could the DUTA/FEDCUTA Leadership agree to such a proposal? What were their compulsions?

Why should our students choose teaching as a profession?

Why should we not quit teaching if we find better opportunities?

Download a Printable Version


2 comments so far

  1. ARD on

    Dear Young Teachers, plz remember that all the human beings are motivated by self-interest. All the Associate Profs./Readers/Lecturers (Sr. Scale) were extremely selfish and self-interested with regard to their new pay; they came together as a group (more interestingly, including you the young teachers as member of the group). They group collective did what was necessarily beneficial to each individual Associate Profs./Readers/Lecturers (Sr. Scale). Now, plz remember that they are already benefitted and would not do anything for young bachara teachers (because, they may feel that it may not be beneficial to them or may harmful to them). If you are selfish and self-interested individually and would like to reap the benefits under new pay scheme, there is no other way: You have to make a very strong and resilient collective group of young teachers. It is not only about benefits; but if you do not form a very strong group, the newly branded Associate Profs./Readers/Lecturers (Sr. Scale) will very likely to contraint you and your activities. They might try to undermine your ability if you do not have the capacity to fight back. There will be exploitation. Be Aware!!! & Rise to the ocassion for your own benefit. It is also hoped that you may also take the issue of higher increment (4%) for talented and highly deserving talented young teachers. For sometime, it seems, this has not been talked about. Also plz raise as to why there is rumour that the Govt. is going to pay more for young and talented people at their entry level in the teaching profession (when the actual fact is totally opposite).

    With best wishes

  2. Anu Malik on

    agreed. only thing is that the Associate Professors did not have to mobilise. the DUTA worked for them. the fact is that the DUTA has forgotten the lecturers and now it is functioning as a Delhi University Readers’ Association – DURA. Do we need a DULA? the Pensioners have already formed their own association.

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